Paper Writing

Writing papers is a prerequisite for getting a Ph.D., and you should generally plan on publishing 1-2 conference papers per year, and at least one journal paper, while you are getting your Ph.D. For getting a Ph.D. with honors, you should aim for publications in the key conferences and journals in your area.

Paper writing takes practice, so get started with something small and simple, then work your way up.

Please have a look at these resources for writing papers:
Some more comments about writing:
  • A good way of improving your writing is to read a lot and pay attention to the structure and wording of other papers. 
  • In fact, as a researcher, you should read a lot of papers, in your field and in neighboring fields. 
  • You can also use other papers as a structural model for your own paper; that is, organize your paper and your argumentation along roughly the same lines as another paper.  However, do not plagiarize or copy any content or text from any other paper.
On scientific integrity and plagiarism:
  • Do not copy text or ideas from other papers or people without clear attribution.
  • When you copy text from other papers, it must be as a quotation: quoted, italicized, indented, and with a reference.
  • When you use important ideas from other papers, you need to reference those papers and clearly identify that those ideas come from those other papers
  • When you use ideas that other people have given you verbally, you usually should attribute them as "personal communication", usually after asking them.
  • Generally, do not copy or quote content, text, sentences, etc. from your own papers.
  • Copying diagrams, figures, and images from your own papers may be OK depending on the circumstances, but usually only with clear attribution to the original paper.
  • It is generally OK to reuse formulas from other papers; you usually have to justify them either by re-deriving them or by referencing the original paper anyway.  If the derivation itself is complicated, you need to reference where the derivation itself was first done.
  • All the research you publish must be reproducible, and there needs to be documentation on how you obtained the results you are publishing.
  • Be aware that copyright violations and plagiarism are two different things: you can commit one without the other, or both at the same time.
  • If others substantially contributed to the publication or the research described in the publication, they must be listed as co-authors. In addition, you must get explicit approval from all co-authors to publish the paper prior to submitting it. Usually, you should send a near complete draft of your paper to all co-authors a couple of weeks before the submission deadline.